The heart, its functions and parts are affected by one of the most common heart diseases. Therefore, it is important to know about heart diseases and their causes to maintain heart health and speed treatment in the event of an infection.
There are many causes that lead to heart disease, and there are many methods of treatment, which are still in constant development with the progress of science.
And under the name of heart disease, everything related to blood vessel and arterial diseases, congenital heart defects, heart rhythm problems, and more.
And we will talk about the most common heart diseases with an explanation of their symptoms, causes and methods of treatment.
The most important and most common heart disease
Coronary artery disease
Coronary artery disease is one of the most common heart diseases, and it is caused by suffering from hardening of the arteries, cholesterol deposits in the arteries and infections, and infection with it is the main cause of heart attacks and angina.
Symptoms of coronary artery disease include chest pain and shortness of breath, and the occurrence of heart attacks, as a result of poor blood pressure and its flow in the arteries.
Among the main causes of infection are smoking, high blood pressure and cholesterol, in addition to diabetes and lack of activity and movement.
It is best when any symptom of coronary artery disease is noticed, so the patient must be reviewed for the necessary tests and diagnosis.
The heart muscle suffers from a disorder that makes pumping blood around the body difficult, and this causes impairment and impairment of the heart’s performance.
Symptoms of heart disease include difficulty breathing with minimal effort, swelling in the legs and feet, fluid accumulation and swelling in the abdomen, feeling tired, rapid heart rate, feeling restless, pressure and dizzy..
The complications of pregnancy, or consuming alcohol or abnormal proteins, some chemical drugs, obesity and gland disorders are a major role in the occurrence of heart disease.
It is best to see a doctor as soon as you feel a symptom from the previous symptoms, and you can reduce the chance of developing heart disease by adopting healthy eating habits, sleep regulation and exercise..
Valvular heart disease
The heart contains four valves to maintain the mechanism of blood flow in it in the correct quantity and direction, and when a defect occurs in one of the valves, it needs to be repaired to prevent disturbances.
The treatment of valvular diseases depends on the type of injury and its severity. Some injuries are treated with medication and follow-up, and some require surgery to repair or replace the affected valve.
General causes and triggers of heart disease
With different heart diseases and their symptoms, there are a set of general factors and causes that are fundamental in affecting the heart and its health, including:
- High level of cholesterol in the blood
- Eating an unhealthy diet
- Drink alcoholic beverages
- Lack of activity and movement
- Having diabetes
- Obesity and excess weight
General symptoms predict the presence of heart disease
The symptoms of each heart disease differ from the other, but there are a group of general symptoms that often accompany the presence of a disease or a disease in the heart, namely:
- Severe heart palpitations
- pain in chest
- Shortness of breath
- Tiredness and fatigue upon making little effort
- Dizziness and lightheadedness
- Swelling in the legs or abdomen
There are a group of factors that are risk factors that increase a person’s chance of developing heart disease.
The most important risk factor for developing heart disease
People who have the following are more likely to develop heart disease than others:
- Obese people
- People with high blood pressure
- Little physical activity
- Exposed to constant psychological stress
And heart health can be preserved and reduce the chance of its exposure to diseases by following some of them:
The most important tips for maintaining a healthy heart
- Eat a healthy diet and limit the amount of prepared foods and snacks.
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- Keep eating vegetables and fruits
- Using low-fat dairy products and cheeses
- Avoid smoking
- Organize bedtime
- Commit to exercising dailyاً
- Reducing salt in food
- Maintain a moderate weight and avoid excessive weight gain
- Stay away as much as possible from sources of stress and excess fatigue
In any case, the heart remains the most important muscle of the body and the center of life for it, and attention must be paid to it and monitor the aforementioned symptoms and quickly turn to the doctor when one of them is present..